• 400 g British strong bread flour, plus extra for dusting
  • 0.5 tsp salt
  • 50 g unsalted butter, softened
  • 250 ml British semi-skimmed milk
  • 7 g fast-action dried yeast
  • 1 medium British free-range egg, beaten with water
  • 25 g poppy seeds
  • 0.5 tsp vegetable oil for greasing


  1. 1

    Place the flour and salt in a large bowl and mix well. Rub in the butter, using your fingertips. Pour the milk or water into a separate bowl then sprinkle on the yeast. Allow to foam for 5 minutes then stir into the flour to form a soft dough.

  2. 2

    Turn the dough out onto a floured surface and knead for 5-10 minutes, until smooth. Place in a lightly oiled bowl, cover with oiled clingfilm and leave in a warm place for 1 hour to prove.

  3. 3

    Turn out the dough onto a floured surface and knead again for about 5 minutes, until smooth. Cut off a third of the dough and shape into a ball then set aside. Shape the remaining dough into a ball and place on a greased baking tray. Top with the smaller dough ball and press down slightly.

  4. 4

    Use a floured finger to push down through the centre of the loaf, from the top to the bottom. Cover with oiled clingfilm and leave in a warm place for 30 minutes to prove.

  5. 5

    Preheat the oven to 220°C, fan 200°C, gas 7. Brush the loaf with a little of the egg and water mixture, sprinkle with poppy or sesame seeds, and bake for 10 minutes.Reduce the oven temperature to 200°C, fan 180°C, gas 6, and bake for 15-20 minutes. The loaf is ready when it's golden and sounds hollow when tapped on the base. Transfer to a wire rack to cool.


    Cook's tip: save time kneading dough by using a food processor or hand-held mixer that has dough hook attachments.

Nutritional Details

Each serving provides
  • Energy 1043kj 249kcal 12%
  • Fat 8.8g 13%
  • Saturates 3.9g 20%
  • Sugars 2.1g 2%
  • Salt 0.4g 7%

% of the Reference Intakes

Typical values per 100g: Energy 1063kj/254kcal

Each serving provides

32.0g carbohydrate 2.1g fibre 9.5g protein

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